Assignment 2
The Cause and Effect Essay

The requirements of this essay are as follows:
    1. The essay should be three (3) pages, at least two (2) full pages.
    2. Make sure to accurately discuss both the cause(s) and the effect(s) of the topic you are writing about. The purpose of a cause and effect essay is to explain why things happen (causes) and what happens as a result (effects).
    3. Choose a topic that is familiar to you. You do not have to research the topic you choose. The topic can be, like your narrative, an event that happened to you (something that caused you to change the way you act or think). However, it does not have to be personal (i.e. you could write about the cause and effects of the Korean War or the cause and effects of illiteracy in America.) Answer the questions, “Why did this happen?” and “What caused this to happen?”.

    4. This is a formal essay. Do not use the word “you” and avoid contractions. Even if this is a personal event, you should avoid slang and informal speech. You will also need to develop a solid, clear thesis statement for this essay. Introduce this main idea using the terms “cause(s)” and effect(s)”. Back up this thesis with relevant and sufficient details.

5. Be sure to include transitions to make the paper read smoothly. For causes: because, due to, one cause is, another is, since, for, first, second. For effects: consequently, as a result, thus, resulted in, therefore.

Important Tips to Remember

 1. Remember the purpose of this essay. Cause and Effect essays can either inform the reader of the problem or persuade the reader to see things differently. Choose which way you want to go and stick to that direction.
 2. Focus on immediate and direct causes and effects. Indirect and long term causes and effect may still be relevant, but stick to the important, pertinent info first.

 3. Supporting evidence will always strengthen your essay. Facts and statistics, definitions, and examples will always lend credence to what you have to say.

 4. Qualify your statements. Unless you have rock solid evidence to relate causes and effects, do not use concrete statements like “obviously” and “as anyone can see”. You safer qualifiers such as “It appears,” “Evidence suggests,” It is likely that…”

Sample Outline

I. Intro
    Thesis: Studies show that household accidents are the most common cause of death in children under 12, but death is not the only result that can occur from non-childproofed homes. Millions of children suffor from lifelong injuries and conditions, such as dismemberment and respiratory ailments, from unsafe conditions in their homes.

II. Body
  A. Household accidents as a cause of death or injury
    1. Electrical
    2. Water
    3. Poisons
    4. Falls and Crushings
 B. Non lethal effects of household accidents
    2. Brain damage
    3. Respiratory conditions
    4. Cancers and other long term illnesses
C. Ways to avoid/ prevent household accidents
    1. Childproofing
    2. Supervision
    3. Safty Checks
    4. Emergency proceedures

III. Conclusion
--Restate Thesis
--Restate Main Points