Psyc 421/521 History of Psych

Study Guide 5 Everything in chapters 11, 12, 14 with special emphasis on:

American Functionalism: core themes

Jamesian Pragmatism: definition and themes

William James: who was he why important; eclecticism, free-will vs. determinism, views on consciousness and structuralism, instincts vs. habits, theory of emotions, ideo-motor theory of thought, the Jamesian self

Hugo Munsterberg, contributions to applied, clinical, industrial, and forensic psychology

Mary Caulkins, paired associates learning, self-psychology

G. Stanley Hall, progressive evolution, recapitulation theory, sublimation, views on education and masturbation, religious conversion

Sumner and Clark, Black Harvard, Brown vs. Board of Education, effects of segregation

Dewey and the reflex arc, views on education

Carr and the adaptive act

Contributions of Cattell

Woodward and dynamic psychology

E. L. Thorndike, conclusions from puzzle box studies, laws of exercise and effect, connectionism

Romanes and anthropomorphism

Morgan’s canon

Washburn’s Animal Mind

The Baldwin Effect and the fate of Functionalism

Russian Objective Psychology: Basic Tenets

Ivan Sechenov, cortical inhibitory function and human development

Eduard Weber and frog inhibition

Ivan Pavlov: conditioned reflex, inhibition and excitation, cortical mosaic, extinction, spontaneous recovery, disinhibition, basics of learning a conditioned reflex, experimental neurosis, first and second signal systems
Bechterev and Human Reflexology, criticism of Pavlov, connection to American Behaviorism

Watson, early work with Angell, Lashley, Carr, and Yerkes. Arguments in Psychology as Behaviorist Sees it, types of learning, definition of thinking, Carr’s criticisms, Little Albert, radical environmentalism, role of inheritance and instincts, radical vs. methodological behaviorism

McDougall’s definition of purposive behavior, role in instincts and sentiments

Kou’s studies and their relevance to the battle of the behaviorisms.

Gestalt movement: roots, molecular vs. molar approach, application of field theory from physics

Max Wertheimer: importance of phi phenomenon, disagreements with Wundt, Helmholtz about learning, productive thinking

Psychophysical isomorphism


Constancy hypothesis

Gestalt laws of organization, role of learning in the Gestalt laws

Wolfgang Kohler, insight learning, transpositional learning, cognitive trial and error vs. behavioral trial and error, why learning is not incremental, qualities of insight learning

Kurt Koffka, effects of “Perception: an intro to Gestalt theorie,” behavioral vs. geographical environment, memory trace vs. memory process.

Kurt Lewin, life space, psychological facts, principle of contemporaneity, Aristotelian vs. Galilean psychology, Gestalt applications to social psychology, Zeigarnik effect