Kabat-Zinn, J. (1982). An outpatient program in behavioral medicine for chronic pain patients based on the practice of mindfulness meditation: Theoretical considerations and preliminary results. General Hospital Psychiatry, 4, 33-47 (M)


Describe the two kinds of mediation discussed in the paper: concentration and mindfulness. What are the distinctive features of each?


How do cognitive/interpretive (top down) processes affect pain perception in gate control theory?


How can meditative practice actually induce pain?


Describe how mindful “detachment” or “uncoupling” might reduce pain. Does it reduce the sensory signal?


Describe the meditation program used in this study

Describe the patients and the types of pain represented in the this study. How was pain experience measured?


What are the major findings of the study? Did the program reduce pain? How great were the reductions and across what proportion of the patients?


What is major limitation of this study and others like it?


What are the differences between Transcendental Meditation and Mindfulness Meditation?

 Define the three interactions of the pain experience


Explain how Mindfulness Meditation might help reduce pain in regards to the Gate Control Theory?


What evidence did the author provide to support the “Uncoupling” hypothesis?


What were some of the Key Elements of the program and what reasons were the benefits or functions of these elements.