Study Guide: Psy440
 Test 3

1) Everything in chapters 9-13 (omitting 12), plus any additional readings handed out in class. Special emphasis on:
2) Representation of knowledge
     a) set-theoretical models
     b) semantic feature comparison models (characteristic vs. defining features)
     c) network models (Collins & Quillian)
     d) spreading activation
     e) non-hierarchical model
     f) Anderson's ACT* model -- propositional network models
3) Mental imagery: theories, important studies, and controversy
     a) dual-code hypothesis
     b) conceptual/propositional hypothesis
     c) imagery debate
          - Pylyshyn's criticisms
          - "functional equivalency"
          - neurophysiological evidence
     d) Cognitive maps -- route vs. survey knowledge; conception distortion of space
4) Language
     a) componants of language -- phomemes; morphemes; syntax
     b) properties of language: arbitrariness; generativity; generational trasmission; displacement; semanticity
     c) Chompsky's transformational grammar -- deep vs. surface structure
     d) Weakness of behavioral approach
     e) Neuroscience of language
5) Animal language studies
    a) Viki
    b) Washoe & Koko
    c) Nim
    d) Kanzi -- lessons of Kanzi, what he can and cannot do
5) Comprehension
     a) Barlett's "schema"
     b) Propositional content of sentences
     c) Kintch's model of reading comprehension
6) Reading
     a) Word superiority effect
     b) eye movements studies of reading
     c) PDP model of word recognition
     d) Lexical decision task
7) Concept formation
    a) Associative learning
    b) Rule learning
    c) Hypothesis testing strategies (conservative focussing, focus gambling, etc.)
8) Category representation
    a) Classical view (emergence of typicality problem)
    b) Probablistic view
    c) Exemplar view -- strenghts and weakness of each
9) Reasoning
     a) syllogistic reasoning (premises, conclusion, valid conclusion, etc.)
10) Decision making
     a) framing, certainty bias
     b) regret theory