Study Guide: Psy440
 Test 3

1) Everything in chapters 8-10 plus any additional readings handed out in class. Special emphasis on:

2) Seven sins of memory (omission vs. commission)
3) Propositional knowledge
    a) semantic networks
    b) agent, object, relation, time, place
4) Sach's study
    a) memory for propositions not sentences
    b) effects of time delay
    c) fan effect (from Anderson study)
5) Levels of representation (surface, textbase, situational model)
6) Source monitoring
    a) misattributions
    b) cryptomnesia
    c) elaboration
    d) working memory load
7) False memory
    a) experimental induction of false memories
    b) recall vs. recognition tests
    c) misinformation effect (Loftus study)
    d) implanting false memories
8) Autobiographical memory
    a) Bahrick et al (1975) study
    b) importance of overlearning and distributed practice
9) Infantile amnesia (IA)
    a) implicit vs. explicit
    b) explanations for IA
10) Memory over lifespan
    a) reminiscence bump
    b) mid life amnesia

11) Language, linguistics, psycholinguistics
12) Language Universals
    a) arbitrariness
    b) flexibility
    c) productivity
    d) semanticity
    e) cultural transmission
    f) displacement
13) Sapir-Whorf hypo (or linguistic relativity hypo)
14) Elements of language
    a) phonemes or phonology
        - creating phonemes (manner and place of articulation, voicing)
        - categorical perception
        - invariance problem and coarticulation
        - overcoming invariance problem (context, phonemic restoration effect, motor theory)
    b) morphemes (bound vs. free)
    c) syntax
        - phrase structure grammar (surface vs. deep structure)
        - Chomsky's transformational grammar
        - case grammar
        - working memory and syntax (syntactic adjustments)
15) Semantics (Word meaning)
    a) mental lexicon
    b) polysemy and priming
    c) automatically activated vs. consciously activated word meanings
    d) brain activity and word meaning (N400 effect)
16) Neuroscience of langugage
    a) Broca's and Wernicke's areas, angular gyrus, left anterior frontal, arcuate faciculus
    c) different forms of aphasia

17) Gernsbacher structure building model
    a) laying foundation (first mention advantage)
    b) mapping
    c) structure shifting
    d) connecting across structures (enhancement and suppression)
18) Reading
    a) saccadic eye movements (differences between good and bad readers)
    b) average fixation time, actual "reading" time
    c) immediacy, eye-mind assumption
    d) zone of interest, acuity, regressions
19) Building situational models
    a) implications
    b) inferences (different types)
20) Updating situational models (spatial, temporal, causal, intentional)
21) Conversation)
    a) turn-taking
    b) social awareness
    c) protoconversations
    d) Grice's maxims
    e) indirect requests and responses