Study Guide: Test 1

1) All of Chapters 1-4 plus any addition readings handed out in class. Pay extra attention to the following:

2) Information processing approach
     a) important features: serial, independent, non-overlapping stages
3) Connectionist (PDP) approach
     a) important features: parallel processing, context and priming effects
4) Definitions: Cognitive Psychology; cognitive neuroscience, cognitive science
5) Historical background of Cognitive psychology, important contributions of:
     a) Aristotle & Augustine
     b) Wundt & Titchener
     c) Ebbinghaus & James
6) Challenge of Behaviorism: Watson & Skinner
7) Advances associated with WW2: channel capacity, empirical measures of cognition, computer analogy
8) Physiology of Cognition
     a) neuron: basic parts
     b) neuronal transmission: depoloarization, hyperpolarization, neurotransmitters, etc
     c) subcortical structures of brain, especially limbic system
     d) cortical structures: 4 lobes of brain
     e) visual pathways
     f) hemispheric specialization
     g) language areas of brain
9) Measure brain activity
    a) PET
    b) fMRI
    c) EEG and event-related potentials
    d) Transcranial stimulation

10) Sensation and Perception    
    a) anatomy/physiology of eye
    b) saccadic eye movements
    c) change blindness
    d) inattention blindness
11) Visual sensory memory (Iconic memory)
    a) span of apprehension
    b) whole report vs. partial report
12) Pattern recognition
     a) top-down (conceptually-driven) vs. bottom up (data driven) processing
     b) Gestalt theory
     c) Geon theory
     d) template theory
     e) feature analysis
     f) Canonical view
     g) connectionist or PDP models
13) Agnosia
    a) prosopagnosia
    b) apperceptive agnosia
    c) associative agnosia       

14) Auditory system anatomy/physio
    a) Echoic memory (whole vs. partial report)
    b) modality effect
    c) phonemic restoration effect      

  15) Attention
    a: different aspects: orienting, arousal, selection, searching, executive control, and attention as resource
    b) implicit vs. explicit, use of word stem completion
    c) attention as spotlight, use of Posner task
    d) search: feature, conjunction, pop-out effects, serial vs. parallel search
    e) hemineglect
    f) selective attention: dichotic listening, cocktail party effect, shadowing
    g) early vs. late filters: Broadbent and Triesman models
    h) automatic processing: characteristics, dual task paradigm/consistent mapping, action slips