Study Guide: Test 1

1) All of Chapters 1-4 plus any addition readings handed out in class. Pay extra attention to the following:

2) Information processing approach
     a) structure vs. process questions
     b) criticisms
3) Historical background of Cognitive psychology
     a) philosophical background (Plato, Copernicus, Descartes, etc.)
     b) British Empiricists and the rise of behaviorism
     c) Reasons for the emergence of cognitive psychology in the 1950ís and 60ís
     d) MIT meeting as "begining" of cognitive psychology
4) Characterisitics of the PDP approach
5) Physiology of Cognition
     a) neuron: basic parts
     b) neuronal transmission: depoloarization, hyperpolarization, neurotransmitters, etc
     c) subcortical structures of brain, especially limbic system
     d) cortical structures: 4 lobes of brain
     e) distributed vs. localized function
6) Detection of Sensory signals
     a) thresholds
     b) signal detection theory
     c) anatomy/physiology of eye
     d) illusions and their significance
7) Perceptual span
    a) whole report vs. partial report
    b) iconic memory debate
8) Attention
     a) early vs. late filters: Broadbent, Triesman, dichotic listening, attenuation, etc.
     b) attention as spotlight; attention as resource allocation
     c) automatic processing; dual task paradigm/consistent mapping
     d) cocktail party effect
9) Pattern recognition
     a) top-down vs. bottom up
     b) Gestalt theory
     c) Geon theory
    d) prototypes, templates
    e) feature analysis
    f) experts and pattern recognition