Psyc102 Study Guide 3
Know the Following Terms and Concepts

Note: Study Guides do not contain everything that could be on tests. Also consult notes and text!

Thought and Language
    algorithms
    heuristics
        means-end analysis
        use of analogies
            success and failures in using analogies: underlying themes vs. superficial content
    confirmation bias
    availablity heuristic
    representitiveness heuristic
    base rate fallacy
    mental sets
    functional fixedness
Gick/Holyoak and Chi studies in expertise and problem-solving
Framing effects in decision-making
Language
      characteristics of language
        phonemes
        morphemes
        syntax
        semantics
        extra-linguistic information
        displacement
        reference
Dialects
     Language development
        nature vs. nurture
        Chomsky vs. Skinner
        Language acquisition device
        Linguistic Universals
        babbling
        telegraphic speech
        overgeneralizations
    Theories of language
        nativist approach
        interactionsist approach
        learning approaches
    animal language
        honey bees and vervet monkeys
        early ape studies: Vicki
        sign language studies: Washoe & Nim
        Kanzi

Motivation

Drive theory
    homeostasis
    drive vs. need
Yerkes/Dotson Law: optimal level of arousal 
Incentive theory
intrinsic vs. extrinsic motivation
primary vs. secondary needs
Maslow's heirarchy of needs

    physiological
    safety
    beloningness
    esteem
    self-actualization

Hunger and motivation
    biological and brain basis of hunger
        hypothalamus and hormones
    eating disoders: anorexia, bulimia, obesity
Evolutionary approach to motivation
Social motivation
    kin selection
    reciprocity
    indirect reciprocity
Mate choice and attraction
    natural selection
    parental investment
    paternity and maternity certainty
    female strategy: "good genes" resources
    male strategy: youth, beauty, sexual conservatism
    cuckholdry
    Buss cross-cultural studies