Psyc102 Study Guide 2
Know the Following Terms and Concepts

Note: Study Guides do not contain everything that could be on tests. Also consult notes and text!

Consciousness

Defining consciousness: two notions
Divided attention
automatic vs. control processing
implicit vs. explicit memory
cocktail party effect
priming and stem completion studies
prosopagnosia
blindsight
circadian rhythm and consciousness
Sleep
    Sleep cycle
         acitve (beta waves)
        pre-sleep (alpha waves)
        non-rem stages of sleep
            stage 1 (theta waves)
            stage 2 (sleep spindles)
            stage 3 (begining of delta waves)
            stage 4 (delta waves)
        rem sleep
            brain wave changes
            eye movements
            stiff body
            dreams
    changes in sleep cycles as night progresses
    rem rebound
    3 theories of dreams
    lucid dreaming
    Sleep disorders
        sleep walking
        apnea
        insomnia
        narcolepsy
mystical experiences
meditation
hypnosis
Effects of conscious altering drugs
    sedatives
    stimulants
    hallucinogens (psychedelics)
    opiates or narcotics
    brain effects of drugs

Memory

Three systems of memory
significance of serial position curve (primacy/recency effect)

  senory register
        capacity of iconic memory
        whole report vs. partial report
   short term memory 
        chunking
        maintenance vs. elaborative rehersal
         decay vs. interference effect
         retroactive vs. proacitve interference
        divisons of working memory: central executive, visuo-spatial sketchpad, phonological loop
    long-term memory
        semantic codes (levels of processing effect)
        procedural memory
        semantic memory
        episodic memory
        implicit vs. explicit memory
       
Three processes of memory: encoding, storage, retreival
mnemonic strategies
schemas
 Forgetting
    retrieval cues
    encoding specificity
    state and context effects
    amnesia (retrograde vs. anterograde)
Neuroscience of memory: long-term potentiation
        memory and the hippocampus and amygdala (H.M. and Clive Wearing)
        Alzheimer's disease and infantile anmnesia