Psyc102 Study Guide 1
Know the Following Terms and Concepts

Note: Study Guides do not contain everything that could be on tests. Also consult notes and text!

Brain & Nervous system

Peripheral Nervous system
    Somatic
    Autonomic
        Sympathetic
        Parasympathetic
Central Nervous system
    Spinal Cord
    Brain
        Evolutionarily older vs. younger structures
        Brain stem
            Pons
            Medulla
            Midbrain
            Reticular Formation (Reticular Activating system)
            cerebellum
        Limbic system
            thalamus
            amygdala
            hippocampus
            hypothalamus
        Cerebral cortex
            frontal lobe
                motor cortex
                Broca's area
            parietal lobe
                somatosenory cortex
            temporal lobe
                auditory cortex
                Wernike's area
                 occipital lobe
                primary visual cortex
Left vs. Right Hemisphere differences
Neurons & Neuronal transmission
    dendrites
    soma
    axon
    axon terminal
    myelin sheath
    synapse
    action potential
      neurotransmitters
         glutamate
        Gaba       
        acetycholine (ACh)
        dopamine
        norephinephrine
        serotonin
        endorphins   
baseline firing rate
    excitatory messages
    inhibitory messages
    depolarization
    hyperpolarization
    reuptake

Brain scans: fMRI, PET, EEG

Sensation & Perception
Definitions of sensation vs. perception
Psychophysics
absolute vs. difference thresholds (jnd)
Weber's Law
transduction
activation vs. adaptation
Signal Detection theory

Visable light
    electromagnic spectrum
    range of visable light 400-700nm
    wavelengths and color
    amplitude and brightness
    purity and saturation
    subtractive vs. additive color mixing
Visual system
    The eye
        sclera
        vascular layer
        retina (detached retina)
        anterior chamber
        aqueous humor (glaucoma)
        iris
        lens
        cornea
        pupil
        accommodation
        ciliary muscles
        vitreous chamber
        vitreous humor
        retina
            rods & cones
            blind spot
            fovea
    myopia
    hyperopia
    Optic nerve
    Optic chiasm
    Optic tract
    thalamus (lateral geniculate neucleus)
    visual cortex of occipital lobe
    theories of color vision
        trichomacy vs. opponent process
        blindness vs. blindsight vs. visual agnosia
Gestalt laws of organization
Depth and distance cues:
    Binocular: retinal disparity
    Monocular: linear perspective; texture gradient; relative size; occulusion 
Perceptual constancies

Hearing and the auditory system
    audible spectrum
    Sound pressure waves
    frequency and pitch (Hz)
    amplitude and loudness (dB)
    overtones and timbre (sound quality)
Auditory system
    Pinna
    auditory canal
    ear drum (tympanic membrane)
    ossicles (hammer, anvil, stirrups; malleus, incus, stapes)
    cochlea
    basiliar membrane
    Organ of Corti hair cells
    auditory nerve
    primary auditory cortex
Pitch perception (frequency theory vs. place)

Auditory deficits
    conduction deafness
    sensory-neural deafness

Chemical senses (olfaction and gustation)
5 basic tastes
Pathways to orbital frontal cortex
olfactory bulb/cortex
gustory cortex