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Bloom's Taxonomy of Educational Objectives

Major Categories in Bloom's Taxonomy

Associated Action Verbs
Examples of General Objectives

Knowledge as a Product

Knowledge involves the rather elementary skill of recalling or remembering specific information or experiences. The information recalled may include specific pieces of information technology and facts. A higher level form of knowledge involves knowing the ways or means of dealing with information. This includes conventions as well as trends and sequences, classifications and categories, criteria and methodology. The highest levels of all involve knowledge of principles and generalizations as well as theories and structures. The organizing principle behind these three broad sub-categories of Knowledge is from highly specific and concrete Knowledge to more complex and abstract ideas

to recall
to describe
to define
to identify
to recognize
to state
to name
to list
to underline
to reproduce
to measure
to label
to write
to acquire

Define the term "light."

State what is meant by the expression "Theirs is no fool like an old fool'?

Describe the steps in the so-called 'scientific method.

'Recognize the correct generalizations that can be drawn about the behavior of metal when it is heated.

State the relationship between temperature and pressure.

Label this map of the major climatic regions of the world.

Measure the distance between London and Birmingham.

Comprehension

Comprehension involves understanding or perceiving. It includes taking in, grasping, insight, and as such is highly stressed in school learning. In many ways, comprehension necessitates the processing of information, which may include changing that information into some parallel form more meaningful to the learner. These sub-categories of comprehension are recognized: translation (changing something into another form) , interpretation duplicate (or clarify meaning), and extrapolation (going beyond the meaning given).

to comprehend
to understand
to have insight
to predict
to interpolate
to extrapolate
to translate
to illustrate
to draw

Translate the following passage from Latin to English.

Give two examples of the rule.

Draw a graph illustrating the relationships between these two bits of information.

Interpret the following situation.

Illustrate what is meant by a warranted and unwarranted conclusion.

Application

Application involves using something in a specific manner. As such, it includes relevancy as well as the capacity for close attention to detail. Diligence and effort are also involved. The two lower categories of knowledge and comprehension are prerequisites to application. Interestingly enough, application involves an element of creativity, since it involves seeing how particular phenomena can be used in a new situation to which there is no specified solution. The skill of application underlies a great part of school learning, and is intimately concerned with some of the primary objectives of education.

to apply
to show
to demonstrate
to use
to perform
to relate
to develop
to transfer
to construct
to explain
to infer

Apply the principle of resistance to a new situation in aerodynamics.

Predict the possible consequences of a continued cycle of recession and inflation.

Transfer the concept of a force field from physics to human behavior.

Analysis

Analysis involves the breaking down, or the separation of a whole into its component parts. It is a process of reasoning or thinking. In its simplest form, analysis includes a simple listing of elements. A higher level of analysis involves determining the nature of the relationship between these elements. The highest form of analysis includes identifying the organizing principle or principles behind the actual material or phenomena concerned. At this level, analysis begins to take on many of the features of synthesis.

to analyze
to identify
to separate
to break down
to discriminate
to distinguish
to detect
to categorize

Identify the assumptions that have been made in this chapter.

Analyze this topic into its component parts.

Distinguish the literary and stylistic techniques used in the following poem.

Categorize the relationships between the phenomena listed above.

Synthesis

Synthesis is the opposite of analysis. It involves combining a number of elements in order to form a coherent whole. The process involves logical deduction. In this sense, the category is intimately concerned with thinking and creativity. Synthesizing or combining elements involves doing something in a unique or original way. The discovery of pattern of structure is an important part of the combination, production of a plan or proposed set of operations and derivation of a set of abstract relations.

to combine
to restate
to summarize
to propose
to generalize
to conclude
to derive
to organize
to design
to deduce
to classify
to formulate
to compose

Summarize the normal cycle of erosion for streams and rivers.

Design a module dealing with the concept of a sonnet.

Describe a personal experience that has happened to you while you were studying.

Propose three ways in which a hypothesis might be tested.

Draw a generalization from the data that you have collected in the experiment.

Evaluation

This represents the highest level in the taxonomy. It includes a combination of all the previous five categories. Evaluation is concerned with making judgments about value. In order to make such an assessment, some yardstick or criterion is necessary as a standard against which things can be measured. The evaluation can be quantitative or qualitative, direct or indirect, subjective or objective. Usually judgments are made in terms of internal evidence; making judgments in terms of external criteria is regarded as the highest level of evaluative activity.

to evaluate
to judge
to decide
to chose
to assess
to contract
to select
to criticize
to defend
to support
to attack
to compare
to determine

Compare and contrast two major theories accounting for the formation of volcanoes.

Make an appropriate decision on the basis of the data presented.

Evaluate a curriculum in terms of its aims and agreed objectives.

Criticize the use of imagery in Rod McKuen's poem "Speak to me in silence.

"Decide the several advantages for using the taxonomy of educational objectives.